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About Bangladesh OverView

Bangladesh, officially known as the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, is a sovereign country located in South Asia. It shares its borders with India to the west, north, and east, and Myanmar (Burma) to the southeast

It also has a coastline along the Bay of Bengal to the south. Dhaka, the capital city, is the largest economic and cultural center of Bangladesh.

Geographically, Bangladesh is a low-lying country with a predominantly flat and fertile delta formed by the confluence of the Ganges, Brahmaputra, and Meghna rivers.

The country is prone to flooding and is frequently affected by cyclones and natural disasters. It has a tropical monsoon climate, characterized by a hot and humid summer season and a cooler, drier winter.

With a population of over 169 million people (as of 2021), Bangladesh is the eighth-most populus country in the world. The majority of the population is ethnically Bengali, and the official language is Bengali. Islam is the state religion, and the country has a predominantly Muslim population.

Bangladesh gained its independence from Pakistan in 1971 after a nine-month-long war of independence. The country has made significant progress in various sectors since then, particularly in areas such as poverty reduction, education, and healthcare. However, it still faces challenges in terms of political instability, corruption, overpopulation, and inadequate infrastructure.

The economy of Bangladesh is primarily driven by agriculture, garments and textile industries, and remittances from overseas workers. It is one of the world’s leading exporters of garments and textiles. The country has experienced steady economic growth in recent years, and its GDP has been consistently increasing.

In terms of culture, Bangladesh has a rich heritage with influences from the ancient Indus Valley Civilization, Buddhism, Hinduism, and Islam. The country is known for its literature, music, dance, and traditional festivals. The national anthem of Bangladesh, “Amar Sonar Bangla” (My Golden Bengal), was composed by Rabindranath Tagore, a renowned Bengali poet and Nobel laureate.

Bangladesh has made progress in various social indicators, including achieving significant improvements in primary education enrollment and reducing maternal and child mortality rates. However, challenges remain in areas such as gender inequality, human rights, and access to quality healthcare and education, especially in rural areas.

In recent years, Bangladesh has been addressing environmental issues and promoting sustainable development. The country is vulnerable to climate change and has been implementing various initiatives to mitigate its impact, including promoting renewable energy, afforestation, and climate-resilient infrastructure.

Overall, Bangladesh is a country with a rich cultural heritage, a growing economy, and a resilient population. It continues to work towards overcoming its challenges and achieving sustainable development for its people.

Bangladesh had made significant progress in various sectors over the past decades. The country was witnessing rapid economic growth, infrastructure development, and improvements in human development indicators. Here’s a brief overview:

Economic Growth: Over the past few years leading up to 2021, Bangladesh consistently maintained an impressive GDP growth rate, often surpassing 6-7%. The ready-made garments (RMG) industry played a crucial role in this growth.

Infrastructure: Numerous infrastructure projects, including the Padma Multipurpose Bridge, were underway. The government had ambitious plans for transportation, including the development of highways, railways, and the metro rail in Dhaka.

Digital Bangladesh: The government’s “Digital Bangladesh” initiative aimed to ensure that technology and digital resources are available to all citizens. This included improving IT infrastructure, promoting e-governance, and fostering the IT industry.

Energy: Bangladesh took steps to enhance its energy infrastructure, such as establishing new power plants and exploring renewable energy sources.

Education and Health: The country achieved significant milestones in enhancing literacy rates, reducing child mortality, and improving health services.

Foreign Relations: Bangladesh was becoming more influential in regional and international forums. It actively participated in platforms like SAARC and the United Nations.

Challenges: Despite these achievements, Bangladesh faced challenges like political instability, concerns about human rights and press freedom, environmental threats like rising sea levels due to climate change, and the Rohingya refugee crisis.

Airport in Bangladesh

Bangladesh has several international airports, but the primary and busiest one is:

Hazrat Shahjalal International Airport

Location: Dhaka, the capital city of Bangladesh.

Overview: Hazrat Shahjalal International Airport is the largest and busiest airport in Bangladesh. It serves as the primary hub for international air traffic to and from the country. Several international carriers, as well as the national airline Biman Bangladesh Airlines, operate from this airport. The airport is named after Hazrat Shah Jalal, a revered Sufi saint.

Apart from Hazrat Shahjalal International Airport, there are other international airports in Bangladesh, including:

Hazrat Shah Amanat International Airport

  • Location: Chittagong
  • It’s the second-largest airport in Bangladesh.

Osmani International Airport

  • Location: Sylhet
  • Named after General Osmani, the commander-in-chief of the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971.

These airports cater to international flights, primarily to destinations in the Middle East, Southeast Asia, East Asia, Europe, and other regions. However, Hazrat Shahjalal International Airport in Dhaka handles the lion’s share of international traffic.


The official currency of Bangladesh is the Bangladeshi Taka, often denoted as “BDT” and symbolically represented as “৳”. The taka is further subdivided into 100 smaller units called poisha. The Bangladeshi Taka is used throughout the country for all monetary transactions. The central bank responsible for the issuance and control of the currency is the Bangladesh Bank. As always, the actual value and exchange rates for the Bangladeshi Taka can fluctuate over time, so it’s a good idea to check current rates if needed.

bangladesh map
Weather: 24°C, Wind NW at 10 km/h, 60% Humidity Weather data
Postal code: 1000, 1100, 12xx, 13xx
Area: 306.4 km²
Local time: Wednesday, 12:39 pm
Area code: +880-2
Calling code: 02 (for Dhaka City only)
District: Dhaka District

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